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Published by on Monday, January 26, 2015 at 3:14:00 PM

Social Support and Wellbeing among Elderly

Social Support and Well-being among ElderlyINTRODUCTION

As the population is aging, the older generations are facing the problems related to health, adjustment and psychological problems. The psychological problems arise due to the death of the spouse, changing family pattern and changing role of family, lack of communication between aged and the younger generations. The amount of psychological and physical problems aged people faces depends upon the case and social support. Higher the social support greater is psychological well being. Social support plays very important role in determining the health of aged people.

Social support has been defined as information from others that one is loved and cared for, esteemed and valued, and a part of network of communication and mutual obligations from parents, a spouse or lover, other relatives and friends, social and community contacts or even a devoted pet.

Theoretically, social support is any exchange of resources between two or more individuals perceived by each to enhance the well being of the recipient. Social support includes behavior such as attachment, problem solving, information, material aid and education.

The three types of social support include:

1.Emotional support by reassuring the person that he or she is a valuable individuals who is cared for this includes comforting by physical affection or expressing concern for well being.

2.Guidance support/informational support involves providing information about stressful events, giving knowledge of how to do something or suggesting some actions.

3.Tangible support involves the provision of material support, such as services financial assistance or goods.

4.Research suggest that when one receives help from another, but is unaware of it, that help is most likely to benefit the self. This king of support is Known as invisible support.

Social support:

Social support is the physical and emotional comfort given to us by our family, friends, co-workers and others. It is knowing that we are part of a community of people who love and care for us, and value and think well of is social support is a way of categorizing the rewards of communication in a particular circumstance. An important aspect of support is that a message or communicative experience does not constitute support unless the receiver views it as such.

Types of social support:

1.Tangible assistance
2.Informational support/Guidance support
3.Emotional support
4.Invisible support

Well-being :

Well-being can be defined in terms of an individuals physical, mental, social and environmental status with each aspects interacting with the other and each giving differing levels of importance and impact according to each individual.

W. H. O defined health/well-being as a “complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”, A change in the different aspects of well-being of an individual may be reflected in alternation of behavior or the performance of a task or activity.

Well being refers to how well a person’s life is going for that person. It describes what is non-instrumentally or ultimately good for a person. Well being tends to be very individual-stics in that self perception is the defining factor for how one views their “well-being”.

While definitions of health and well-being vary. They tend to be two silent person related concepts that are often combined with a more societal level perspective. The first is that health and well-being can refer to the actual physical health of people. The second is that health and well-being can refer to the mental, psychological, or emotional aspects of people.

The term “health” generally appears to encompass both physiological and psychological symptomology within a more medical context. Therefore the term “health” can be used when specific physiological or psychological indicators or indexes are of interest and concern. Well-being tends to be a more broad and encompassing concept that takes into consecration the “whole-person” Beyond specific physical and/or psychological symptoms or diagnoses related to health, there fore, wellbeing should to used as appropriate to include context free measures of life experience. For ex:- life satisfaction and happiness.
Published by IzajAhmed Shaikh.
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I am, Mr. IzajAhmed Shaikh, Computer Professional, and Pro. Blogger, who belongs to Shahabad, Karnataka India. My basic Qualifications are B.Sc., and M.C.M. done from University of Pune, formerly known as, Poona University, also like to write articles based on my personal experiences.