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Published by on Friday, November 4, 2011 at 10:31:00 AM

A Beginner’s Guide to Camera Lenses

Camera LensesIf you have a digital SLR and want to move beyond what came in the camera kit, there are a range of lenses available to produce cleaner images and to use in different situations. It is certainly worth upgrading if you want to take your photography to the next level.

The choice of digital cameras today is astounding and most digital SLRs come in kit form with a couple of lenses. These are usually an 18-55mm general purpose lense and a 75-300mm zoom lense for taking pictures further away. Both are good starter lenses but there are plenty of others on the market if you want to take the next step in photography.

It’s important to remember that not all lenses suit all cameras. For example, lenses for Canon cameras won’t suit other brands. There are generic brands of lenses that will fit particular models, so make sure you do your homework or seek out advice to make sure the lense you plan on buying is going to be compatible with your camera.

It is vital that you buy the right lense for the right situation as well. A wide-angle lense is going to do you no good if you want to take action photos, and a telephoto lense will never be any good for close-up picture taking. While some lenses are good all-rounders, specialised lenses are the way to go if you want to produce sharp, high quality images.

Here are some things you should take into account buying a lense:

Considering buying a lense with image stabilisation. In essence, image stabilisation will compensate for any camera movement while taking a picture and help produce sharper shots. This is particularly important in telephoto lenses. They may cost a little more but the end results will be worth it.

Get a lense with a good auto focus. It’s worth paying for a product that focuses quicker to prevent blurred photos, particularly when shooting action or sport.

Get a lense cleaning kit. It can consist of special microfibre swabs to clean the glass, a special canister of air to blow away dust and particles, or a soft brush. It is important to replace the lense cap when the lense is not in use, so consider getting a special band that will keep the cap attached to the lense and eliminate the worry of losing it while shooting.

Lenses can be grouped into several groups and within these there will be a product for most budgets. High-end lenses can get quite expensive but the results will be of professional quality.

Zoom/telephoto lense: These long lenses are ideal for shooting sport and wildlife. A common size in this bracket is 70-300mm, but for serious photographers you would want to consider a 400mm. A good autofocus should be high on your list when considering a telephoto lense, and a tripod or bipod is a must to help keep the camera steady while shooting.

Wide angle lense: These have a relatively small focal length, the opposite to zoom lenses. They can take in a large field of vision and often make it easier to take photos of big groups of people. Wide angle lenses are also great for taking shots of scenery.

Macro lense: These allow you to take close-up photos and are outstanding if capturing images of things such as water droplets on a flower or a bee feeding on nectar. The quality they produce is very high as they focus much better on smaller objects than a regular lense. They can be quite costly though.

Fish-eye lense: This one is purely for the artistic among us. It will cost you a few dollars but the distorted effect created by the very small focal length is something quite different. It has been used to great effect by professional photographers when shooting musicians in line with their artistic slant.
Published by IzajAhmed Shaikh.
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I am, Mr. IzajAhmed Shaikh, Computer Professional, and Pro. Blogger, who belongs to Shahabad, Karnataka India. My basic Qualifications are B.Sc., and M.C.M. done from University of Pune, formerly known as, Poona University, also like to write articles based on my personal experiences.