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Published by on Wednesday, February 25, 2009 at 4:07:00 PM

Education a New Paradigm

The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think – rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the memory with thoughts of other men.

The Role of Educators can never be underestimated, education is not just cramming the facts, but learning to live, an average person spends nearly 19-22 years in his formal education, and in spite of that is he really equipped to live his life, what has education given him? Yes it has probably given him a job, 20 years of education can certainly do much more that that, The problem is most of the educators emphasize on the word “teach” education is not just teach, teach, teach and teach, real education is to help them see, let them Learn, encourage them to achieve, show them how to do, motivate them to live, build on their strengths and inspire them to live a great life, Now to be honest how much of these qualities do we have in ourselves so that we can impart It to our students, what are we imparting to our students? Is it really building them up or we are just doing a 9 to 5 job, Abraham Maslow shows how educators can help the students grow based on their potential for self actualization? Education a New Paradigm

MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

Abraham Maslow developed a theory of personality that has influenced a number of different fields, including education. This wide influence is due to the high level of practicality of Maslow’s theory. This theory accurately describes many realities of personal experiences. Many people find they can understand what Maslow says. They can recognize some features of their experience or behavior, which is true, and identifiable but which they have never been able to put into words.

Maslow has set up a hierarchy of five levels of basic needs. Beyond these needs, higher levels of needs exist. These include needs for understanding, esthetic appreciation and purely spiritual needs In the levels of the five basic needs, the person does not feel the second need until the demands of the first have been satisfied, nor the third until the second has been satisfied, and so on.

Maslow’s basic needs are as follows:

Physiological Needs

These are biological needs. They consist of needs for oxygen, food, water, and a relatively constant body temperature. They are the strongest needs because if a person were deprived of all needs, the physiological ones should come first in the person’s search for satisfaction.

Safety Needs

When all physiological needs are satisfied and are no longer controlling thoughts and behaviors, the needs for security can become active. Adults have little awareness of their security needs except in times of emergency or periods of disorganization in the social structure (such as widespread rioting). Children often display the signs of insecurity and the need to be safe.

Needs of Love, Affection and Belongingness

When the needs for safety and for physiological well-being are satisfied, the next class of needs for love, affection and belongingness can emerge. Maslow states that people seek to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation. This involves both giving and receiving love, affection and the sense of belonging.

Needs for Esteem

When the first three classes of needs are satisfied, the needs for esteem can become dominant. These involve needs for both self-esteem and for the esteem a person gets from others. Humans have a need for a stable, firmly based, high level of self-respect, and respect from others. When these needs are satisfied, the person feels self-confident and valuable as a person in the world. When these needs are frustrated, the person feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless.

Needs for Self – Actualization

When all of the foregoing needs are satisfied, then and only then are the needs for self-actualization activated. Maslow describes self-actualization, as a person’s need to be and do that which the person was “born to do” “A musician must make music, an artist must paint, and a poet must write.” These needs make themselves felt in signs of restlessness. The person feels on edge, tense, lacking something, in short, restless. If a person is hungry, unsafe, not loved or accepted, or lacking self-esteem it is very easy to know what the person is restless about. It is not always clear what a person wants when there is a need for self-actualization.

The hierarchic theory is often represented as a pyramid, with the larger, lower levels representing the lower needs, and the upper point representing the need for self-actualization. Maslow believes that the only reason that people should not move well in direction of self-actualization is because of hindrances placed in their way by society. He states that education is one of these hindrances. He recommends ways education can switch from its usual person-stunting tactics to person-growing approaches. Maslow states that educators should respond to the potential an individual has for growing into a self-actualizing person of his/her own kind.

Ten points that an effective educator follows are listed:

Encourage people to be authentic, to be aware of their inner selves and to hear their inner feeling voices.

Help people to transcend their cultural conditioning and become world citizens.

Guide people discover their vocation in life, their calling, fate or destiny. This is especially focused on finding the right career and the right mate.

Help them realize that life is precious, that there is joy to be experienced in life, and if people are open to seeing the good and joyous in all kinds of situations, it makes life worth living.

We must accept the person as he or she is and helps the person learn their inner nature, their strength and weakness. From real knowledge of aptitudes and limitations we can know what to build upon, what potentials are present in a student?

See that the person’s basic needs are satisfied. This includes safety, belongingness, and esteem needs.

Let them learn to appreciate beauty and the other good things in nature and in life.

Help them see that controls are good, and complete abandon is bad, it takes control to improve the quality of life in all areas.

Make them realize people to transcend the trifling problems and grapple with the serious problems in life. These include the problems of injustice, of pain, suffering, and death.

We must teach people to be good choosers. They must be given practice in making food choices.

These are just guidelines given by Maslow, perhaps your desire to help the students will make you better than this, in the times were people are faced with challenges that were never heard of in the past, its only educators who can lay strong foundation for great lives to be built Alvin Toffler rightly points out the illiterate of the 21st and century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.
Published by IzajAhmed Shaikh.
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ME AS AUTHOR

I am, Mr. IzajAhmed Shaikh, Computer Professional, and Pro. Blogger, who belongs to Shahabad, Karnataka India. My basic Qualifications are B.Sc., and M.C.M. done from University of Pune, formerly known as, Poona University, also like to write articles based on my personal experiences.

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