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Published by onThursday, August 21, 2008 at3:36:00 PM

The Magic of Cosmetic Surgery

Cosmetic SurgeryPlastic surgery involves many choices. The first and most important is selecting a surgeon you can trust.

Questions to ask my plastic surgeon

Are you certified by the National Board Certified Plastic Surgeon?
Where you trained specifically in the field of plastic surgery?
How many years of plastic surgery training have you had?
Do you have hospital privileges to perform this procedure?
If so, at which hospitals?
Is the office-based surgical facility accredited by a nationally or state-recognized accrediting agency, or is it state-licensed or Medicare-certified?
Am I a good candidate for this procedure?

What will be expected of me to get the best results?
Where and how will you perform my procedure?
What surgical technique is recommended for me?
How long of a recovery period can I expect, and what kind of help will I need during my recovery?
What are the risks and complications associated with my procedure?
Acomplications handled?
How can I expect to look over time?
What are my options if I am dissatisfied with the cosmetic outcome of my surgery?
Do you have before- and – after photos I can look at for this procedure and what results are reasonable for me?

TYPES OF PLASTIC SURGERY

FACE LIFT

If you are bothered by the signs of aging in your face, a facelift may be right for you. Technically known as rhytidectomy, a facelift is a surgical procedure to improve visible signs of aging in the face and neck, such as:

Sagging in the midface
Deep creases below the lower eyelids
Deep creases between the nose and mouth
Fat that has fallen or is displaced
Loss of muscle tone in the lower face that may create jowls
Loose skin and excess fatty deposits under the chin and jaw

A facelift is designed to correct all of these aging features, restoring a more youthful, rested appearance with uplifted contours and improved tone in facial skin and underlying muscle.

Procedural steps: Typical incisions begin within the hairline, above the temple and continue along or just inside the ear, ending behind the ear. This allows access to tighten underlying tissue, remove excess fat and reduce sagging skin.

A second incision under the chin is sometimes necessary. If skin tone is good and only mid-face aging or excess fat in the neck will be corrected, abbreviated techniques with shorter incisions may be used. Liposuction techniques may assist with removal of fat deposits.

Your results: Swelling and bruising should subside within 2-4 weeks. Final results may be apparent in 1-2 months. Incision lines will continue to refine and fade for 1 year.

EYELID SURGERY

Cosmetic eyelid surgery, called blepharoplasty, is a surgical procedure to improve the appearance of the upper eyelids, lower eyelids, or both, restoring firmness to the area surrounding the eyes and making you look more rested and alert.

Specifically, eyelid surgery can treat:

Loose or sagging skin that creates folds or hides the natural contour of the upper eyelid
Excess skin that hangs down from the upper eyelid, sometimes impairing vision
Excess fatty deposits that appear as puffiness in the upper eyelids
Bags under the eyes
Droopiness of the lower eyelids, showing white below the iris
Excess skin and fine wrinkles of the lower eyelid

Procedural steps: An incision within the natural crease of the upper eyelid allows access to remove excess skin, muscle and underlying fatty tissue. Using an incision inside the lower eyelid, fat is removed or redistributed and muscle modified to correct a baggy lower eyelid.

An incision just below the lower lash line allows excess skin to be removed. Laser resurfacing may be used to smooth lower lid skin.

Your results: Bruising should subside in 5-10 days and swelling should subside in 2-4 weeks. Final results may appear in 1-2 months. Incision lines will continue to refine and fade for 1 year.

NOSE SURGERY

While the shape of your nose is usually the result of heredity; the appearance may have been altered in an injury or during prior surgery.

Also known as rhinoplasty, surgery of the nose improves the appearance and proportion of your nose, enhancing facial harmony and self confidence. Surgery of the nose may also correct impaired breathing caused by structural defects in the nose.

Rhinoplasty can change:

Nose size, in relation to facial balance
Nose width, at the bridge or in the size and position of the nostrils
Nasal tip, that is enlarged or bulbous, drooping, upturned or hooked
Nostrils that are large, wide or upturned
Nasal asymmetry

Procedural steps: Incisions hidden at the nostril base and/or inside the nose allow access to reshape underlying cartilage and/or bone. This may include lowering humps, narrowing of nasal bones, shaping of the nasal tip or nostril size and improving the angle between the nose and the upper lip.

This procedure also can correct breathing difficulties caused by structural irregularities.

Your results: You should see a change within 6-8 weeks following surgery, with continued refinement for 6-12 months. Cartilage is flexible and growing tissue; therefore results following surgery are not fully predictable.

BROW LIFT

If you have expression lines or other signs of aging in the forehead and brow region which you find bothersome, a brow lift (also called a forehead lift) may be right for you.

A BROW LIFT

Minimizes the creases that develop across the forehead, or those that occur high on the bridge of the nose, between the eyes
Improves what are commonly referred to as frown lines
Repositions a low or sagging brow that is hooding the upper eyelid
Raises the eyebrows to a more alert and youthful position

A brow lift is designed to correct all of these aging features, restoring a more youthful, rested appearance with uplifted contours and improved tone in facial skin and underlying muscle.

Procedural steps: Brow lift surgery can be performed through multiple limited incisions hidden within the hairline or through a single incision in the natural crease of each upper eyelid.

Results of a brow lift may be enhanced through laser resurfacing or a chemical peel that can further improve skin tine and surface appearance.

When there is significant excess skin in the forehead, an alternate technique using a wide incision across the top of the scalp may be recommended.

Your results: swelling should subside in 2-4 weeks. Final results may appear within 1-2 months. Incision lines will continue to refine and fade for up to 1 year.

FACIAL IMPLANTS

If you would like to change the contours of your face, you might want to consider implants. They can improve proportion and profiles and correct imbalance caused by injury or hereditary traits.

Procedural steps: Appropriately sized and shaped implants most commonly in the cheek, chin, jaw or nasal region will be carefully selected and placed. Incisions inside the mouth or discreetly placed external incisions create space in soft tissues for implant positioning and support.

Generally performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia with or without sedation; general anesthesia may be recommended.

Your results: Almost immediate, initial swelling should subside in 2-4 weeks and dissipate in 1-2 months as final results appear.

INJECTIBLE FILLERS

If you would like to restore facial contours, or reduce the appearance of lines and creases, injection therapy with soft tissues fillers may be right for you. Inject able fillers can:

Plump thin lips
Enhance shallow contours
Soften facial creases and wrinkles
Improve the appearance of recessed scars

Procedural steps: A pharmaceutical filler substance or your own fat is injected below the skin surface to fill hollow areas and creases, or plump the lips and back of the hands. Fat is typically taken from the inner thigh or abdomen.

Your results: Swelling should dissipate in 2-5 days, or 1-2 weeks with fat injections. This procedure produces temporary results, lasting a few months to several years or more, based on the filler used, treatment site and individual patient factors. Some products may be permanent.

SKIN RESURFACING

If you would like to improve the surface and appearance of your skin, reduce fine lines, surface irregularities such as scarring, uneven pigmentation and sun damage, then skin resurfacing may be right for you.

Procedural steps: a variety of lasers and intense pulsed light devices achieve a wide range of benefits.

Chemical solutions of varying types and concentrations are applied to peel the skin surface allowing new skin to form.

Mechanical resurfacing, dermabrasion or dermaplaning, uses a fine abrasive or scalpel to scrape the skin surface to a controlled depth; generally used to improve an irregular surface, such as acne scarring.

Your results: any flaking or crusting should resolve in 5-10 days. Results may appear in 10-14 days. Skin is most likely pink or flush for 1-6 months.

BREAST LIFT

Also known as mastopexy, a breast lift raises and firms the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape and support the new breast contour. Some times the areola becomes enlarged over time, and a breast lift will reduce this as well.

Procedural Steps: Excess skin is surgically removed to raise the nipple and tighten the breast tissue. Incision patterns vary, depending on degree of excess skin and amount of lifting required as well as patient and surgeon preference.

Your results: Swelling should subside in 2-4 weeks. Breast shape may take 1-3 months to fully refine. Incision lines will continue to flatten and fade for up to 1 year.

BREAST AUGMENTATION

Breast size is important to many women for a variety of reasons. If you are dissatisfied with your breast size, augmentation surgery is a choice to consider. Breast augmentation can:

Increase fullness and projection of your breasts
Improve the balance of your figure
Enhance your self-image and self confidence.

Also known as augmentation mammaplasty, the procedure involves using implants to fulfill your desire for fuller breasts or to restore breast volume lost after weight reduction or pregnancy.

Implants also may be used to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy or injury.


Procedural steps: Common incision locations include the breast crease, in the underarm, or around the areola (pigmented skin surrounding the nipple).

Placement of implants beneath the chest wall muscle or directly behind breast tissue using prefilled implants or implants filled during surgery creates desired volume.

Generally performed as an out patient procedure under local anesthesia with sedation; general anesthesia may be recommended.

Your results: Immediate swelling should subside in 2-4 weeks. Incision lines will continue to flatten and fade for upto 1 year.

Implants may need to be replaced: It's important to know that breast implants are not designed to last a lifetime. You should plan for an annual examination by your plastic surgeon to see if the implants need to be replaced.

TUMMY TUCK

If you want a tighter, flatter abdomen, then a tummy tuck may be appropriate to help achieve your goals.

Also known as abdominoplasty, a tummy tuck removes excess fat and skin, and in some cases restores weakened or separated muscles. This creates an abdominal profile that is smoother and firmer, often enhancing your body image and confidence.

Procedural steps: A tummy tuck involves the surgical removal of excess abdominal fat and skin and includes tightening of the abdominal wall where muscles have weakened.

A full tummy tuck requires a horizontal incision in the area between the pubic hairline and navel. Incision size is largely dependent on the amount of excess skin to be removed.

Where correction is isolated to the area below the navel, a limited or mini tummy tuck with a shorter incision at the pubic bone may be recommended.

Liposuction may be performed with a mini tummy tuck where excess fat is the only factor.

Your results: Swelling should subside and initial results may appear in 2-4 weeks. Final results could appear in 8 weeks. Incision lines will continue to flatten and fade for upto 1 year.

SPIDER VEINS

Also known as sclerotherapy, this cosmetic procedure reduces or eliminates surface vessels or spider veins commonly on the face and legs.

Procedural Steps: Sclerosing solution is injected directly into a vessel, causing it to slowly fade or disappear and may be used in conjunction with Doppler ultrasound device for larger veins.

Laser or intense pulsed light therapy reduces tiny surface vessels on the face and legs.

Your results: Veins gradually fade, usually in 7-10 days for significant improvement, and the final results will be apparent in 2-6 weeks.

LIPOSUCTION

Despite good health and a reasonable level of fitness, some people may still have a body with disproportionate contours due to localized fat deposits. These areas may be due to family traits rather than a lack of weight control or fitness.

Liposuction slims and reshapes specific areas of the body by removing excess fat deposits, improving your body contours and proportion, and ultimately enhancing your self-image.

These techniques may be used to reduce localized fat deposits of the:

Thighs
Hips and buttocks
Abdomen and waist
Upper arms
Back
Inner Knee
Chest area
Cheeks, chin and neck
Calves and ankles.

Procedural techniques: There are three common variations to the procedure:

Traditional liposuction is surgical suctioning of excess fat deposits
The tumescent or super-wet technique requires an infusion of saline solution with adrenaline and possible anesthetic prior to removal of excess fat
Ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty uses ultrasonic energy to liquefy excess fat prior to surgical suctioning

Your results: Swelling should subside, bruising should fade and initial results may appear in 2-4 weeks. Final results could appear in 2-6 months. Significant weight gain can cause recurrence of fatty deposits.

SIDE EFFECTS OF COSMETIC SURGERY

You need to take caution before you finally decide to go for a plastic surgery, hasty and uninformed decisions can lead to undesirable side effects such as Allergic reaction to anesthetic, Allergic reaction to medication, swelling a scarring, Hematoma ( condition in which the patient experiences bleeding under their skin, which causes painful swelling) inflammation of the veins etc.
Published by IzajAhmed Shaikh.
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ME AS AUTHOR

I am, Mr.IzajAhmed Shaikh, a Computer Professional and a Pro. Blogger, who belongs to Shahabad, Karnataka India. My basic Qualifications are B.Sc., and M.C.M. done from University of Pune., formerly known as, Poona University,. I like to write articles based on my personal experiences.

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